قلادة ملكية

القلادة الملكية أو الميدالية الملكية (بالإنجليزية: Royal Medal)‏، وتعرف أيضًا بـ قلادة الملكة (بالإنجليزية: The Queen's Medal)‏، هي قلادة من الفضة المطلية بالذهب تمنحها الجمعية الملكية سنويًا على النحو التالي:

  • قلادتان "لأهم الإسهامات في تقدم المعارف الطبيعية"
  • قلادة "للإسهامات البارزة في العلوم التطبيقية"

وذلك في نطاق دول الكومنولث.[1]

ابتدع القلادة الملك جورج الرابع ومُنحت للمرة الأولى سنة 1826. وكانت تُمنح في البداية قلادتان فحسب، كلتاهما لأكثر الاكتشافات أهمية خلال العام المنصرم، ثم زيدت الفترة الزمنية إلى الخمس سنوات المنصرمة، وعُدلت لاحقًا إلى ثلاث سنوات.

في سنة 1837 عُدلت شروط منح القلادة بإضافة الرياضيات إلى العلوم التي تُمنح فيها القلادة، وجُعل منحها في مجال الرياضيات كل ثلاث سنوات[1]، وفي سنة 1850 عُدلت الشروط ثانية على النحو التالي:

تُمنح القلادات الملكية كل عام لأهم إسهامين في تقدم المعارف الطبيعية نُشرا في الأصل في نطاق البلاد الخاضعة لسلطان صاحبة الجلالة خلال مدة لا تزيد عن عشر سنوات ولا تقل عن سنة من تاريخ المنح، وذلك ـ بالطبع ـ مرهون بتصديق جلالتها.... ويكون منح القلادات الملكية بواقع واحدة لكل من الفرعين الرئيسين للمعارف الطبيعية.[1]

في سنة 1965 استقر نظام القلادة على وضعه الحالي، حيث خُصصت ثلاث قلائد يمنحها عاهل البلاد سنويًا بتوصية من مجلس الجمعية الملكية. وتنقسم لجنة اختيار الفائزين بالقلادة ـ نظرًا لطبيعتها المزدوجة ـ إلى قسمين "أ" و"ب".[1] وقد مُنحت القلادة 405 مرات منذ ابتداعها سنة 1826.

قائمة الفائزين بالقلادة

لا يزال النص الموجود في هذه الصفحة في مرحلة الترجمة إلى العربية. إذا كنت تعرف اللغة المستعملة، لا تتردد في الترجمة. (أبريل 2019)

القرن التاسع عشر

السنة الاسم المجال سبب المنح[2]
1826جيمس آيفوريالرياضيات"لورقته البحثية عن الانكسار في الغلاف الجوي المنشؤرة عام 1823 في مجلة المعاملات الفلسفية للجمعية الملكية وإسهاماته الأخرى في مختلف المواضيع الرياضية."
جون دالتونالفيزياء"لتطويره النظرية الذرية، وجهوده واكتشافاته الأخرى المهمة في العلوم الطبيعية"
1827فردريش جورج فيلهيلم فون شتروفهالفلك"لمؤلفه المعنونCatalogus Novus Stellarum Duplicium."
همفري ديفيالفيزياء"For his Bakerian Lecture, On the Relations of Electrical Changes, considered as the last link, in the order of time, of the splendid chain of Discoveries in Chemical Electricity, which has been continued for so many years of his valuable life."
1828يوهان فرانتس إنكهالفلك"For his Accurate Determination of the Orbit of a Comet of short period, as confirmed by observation."
ويليام هايد ولاستونالكيمياء"For his communication, entitled, On a method of rendering Platina malleable, being the conclusion of a series of researches on the properties of the Metallic Bodies contained in the بلاتين."
1829تشارلز بلالتشريح"لاكتشافاته المتعلقة بالجهاز العصبي"
آيلهارت ميتشيرليخالكيمياء"لاكتشافاته المتعلقة بقوانين التبلور وخصائص البلورات"
1830أنطوان جيروم بالارالكيمياء"لاكتشافه البروم"
ديفيد بروسترالفيزياء"لما نقله إلى الجمعية الملكية عن الاستقطاب وغيره من خصائص الضوء"
1831حُجبت
1832حُجبت
1833أوغستان بيرام دو كندولعلم النبات"لأبحاثه ودراساته في فسيولوجيا النبات كما فصّلها في كتابه المسمى "فسيولوجيا النبات""
جون هيرشلالفلك"For his Paper "on the Investigation of the Orbits of Revolving Double Stars," inserted in the Fifth Volume of the Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society."
1834تشارلز لايلالجيولوجيا"لمؤلفه المعنون "مبادئ الجيولوجيا""
جون وليم لابوكالفيزياء"لأوراقه البحثية عن الأمواج والمنشورة في المعاملات الفلسفية"
1835مايكل فارادايالكيمياء"For his investigations and discoveries contained in the series of experimental researches in electricity published in the Philosophical Transactions, and more particularly for the seventh series, relating to the definite nature of electrochemical action."
ويليام روان هاميلتونالفيزياء"For the papers published by him in the 16th and 17th volumes of the Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy, entitled Supplement to an Essay on the Theory of Systems of Rays, and more particularly for those investigations at the conclusion of the third and last supplement, which relate to the discovery of conic refraction."
1836جورج نيوبورتالتشريح"For his series of investigations on the anatomy and physiology of insects, contained in his two papers published in the Philosophical Transactions within the last three years."
جون هيرشلالفلك"For his paper on nebulae and clusters of stars, published in the Philosophical Transactions for 1833."
1837وليم هيويلالفيزياء"For his researches connected with the theory of the tides, communicated to the Royal Society and published in its Transactions within the last three years."
1838وليم فوكس تالبوتالرياضيات"For his papers entitled Researches in the Integral Calculus, published in the Philosophical Transactions for 1836 and 1837."
توماس غراهامالكيمياء"For his paper entitled "Inquiries respecting the Constiitution of salts, of oxalates, nitrates, phosphates, sulphates and chlorides," published in the Philosophical Transactions for 1836."
1839جيمس آيفوريالرياضيات"For his paper on the theory of the astronomical refractions published in the Philosophical Transactions for 1838. Part II."
مارتن باريعلم الأجنةلأبحاثه في علم الأجنة المنشورة عامي 1838 و1839
1840تشارلز ويتستونعلم وظائف الأعضاء"For his paper entitled Contributions to the physiology of vision, published in the Philosophical Transactions for 1838."
جون هيرشلالفلك"For his paper entitled On the chemical action of the rays of the solar spectrum on preparations of silver, and other substances, both metallic and non-metallic, and on some photogenic processes, published in the Philosophical Transactions for 1840."
1841إيتون هودجكينسونالهندسة"لورقته البحثية المعنونة "أبحاث تجريبية في قوة أعمدة الحديد المصبوب"، المنشورة سنة 1840."
روبرت كاينالكيمياء"لمقالته المعنونة "التاريخ الكيميائي للأرشيل وصبغة عباد الشمس"، المنشورة سنة 1840."
1842جون فردريك دانيالالكيمياء"For his letters on the electrolysis of secondary compounds and on voltaic combinations published in the Transactions for 1840 and 1842."
ويليام بومانالتشريح"For his paper on the structure and use of the جسيم كلوي  of the kidney, with observations on the circulation through that gland, published in the Philosophical Transactions of the present year."
1843تشارلز ويتستونالفيزياء"For his paper entitled, an account of several new instruments and processes for determining the constants of a voltaic circuit, printed in the Philosophical Transactions for the present year."
جيمس ديفيد فوربسالفيزياء"For his researches on the law of extinction of the solar rays in passing through the atmosphere, contained in a paper published in the Philosophical Transactions for 1842."
1844جورج بولالرياضياتعن بحث له تناول طريقة عامة للتحليل نُشر في العام ذاته.
توماس أندروزالكيمياءعن بحث له تناول التغيرات الحرارية المصاحبة لتفاعلات الاستبدال الأساسية، نُشر في العام ذاته.
1845جورج بيدل أيريالفلك"For his paper on the laws of the tides on the coast of Ireland, as inferred from an extensive series of observations made in connection with the Ordnance Survey of Ireland, published in the Philosophical Transactions for the present year."
توماس سنو بكالطبعن بحث له بعنوان "عن أعصاب الرحم".
1846مايكل فارادايالفيزياء"For his experimental researches in electricity, twentieth and twenty first series, on new magnetic actions, and on the magnetic conditions of all matter, inserted in the Philosophical Transactions part I. for 1845."
ريتشارد أوينعلم الأحياء"For his paper entitled A description of certain سهمياتs preserved with a great proportion of their soft parts in the Oxford clay at Christian-Malford, Wilts, published in the Philosophical Transactions for 1844."
1847جورج فاونزالكيمياء"For his papers published in the Philosophical Transactions for 1845, on the artificial formation of a vegeto-alkali, and on benzoline, published in the same volume of the Transactions"
وليم روبرت غروفالفيزياء"For his papers published in the Philosophical Transactions for 1845 and 1847, on the gas voltaic battery, and on certain phenomena of voltaic ignition"
1848تشارلز جيمس هارغريفالرياضياتعن بحثه في حل المعادلات التفاضلية الخطية، المنشور في العام ذاته.
توماس غالوايالرياضياتعن بحثه في حركة النظام الشمسي، المنشور عام 1847.
1849إدوارد سابينالفلك"For his contributions to terrestrial magnetism, published in the Philosophical Transactions parts VII and VIII, and his memoir on the diurnal variation of the magnetic declination at Saint Helena, part I."
غيديون مانتلالجيولوجيا"For his paper on the إغوانادون, published in the Philosophical Transactions for the year 1848, being a continuation of a series of papers by him on the same fossil reptile, by which he has rendered eminent services to geology."
1850بنجامين بروديالكيمياءعن أبحاثه المنشورة عامي 1848 و1849 في الطبيعة الكيميائية للشمع.
توماس غراهامالكيمياءلبحثه المنشور سنة 1849 عن حركة الغازات.
1851ويليام بارسونزالفلك"For his observations on the nebulae published in the Philosophical Transactions for the year 1850."
جورج نيوبورتعلم الحشرات"For his paper on the impregnation of the ovum in the amphibia (first series), published in the Philosophical Transactions for 1851."
1852جيمس بريسكوت جولالفيزياء"For his paper on the mechanical equivalent of heat, printed in the Philosophical Transactions for 1850."
توماس هنري هكسليعلم الأحياء"For his papers on the anatomy and the affinities of the family of the قنديل البحر, printed in the Philosophical Transactions."
1853تشارلز داروينالتاريخ الطبيعي"For his work entitled Geological Observations on Coral Reefs, Volcanic Islands, and on South America, and his work, Fossil Circhipeda of Great Britain, Section Lepadidae, Monograph of the Circhipeda."
جون تيندالالفيزياء"For his paper on diamagnetism and magne-crystallic action, published in the Philosophical Magazine in 1851. (the award of this medal was declined by Dr Tyndall)"
1854أوغست فيلهيلم فون هوفمانالكيمياء"For his researches in organic chemistry published in the Transactions of the Royal and Chemical Societies."
جوزيف دالتون هوكرعلم النبات"For his researches in various branches of science, especially in botany, as naturalist of the Antarctic expedition of Sir James Ross, and in an expedition to the eastern part of the Himalayan range; of which researches part has been published in works entitled The Antarctic Flora, and the Flora of New Zealand, and in various other communications, and part is now in course of publication."
1855جون أوباديا وستوودعلم الحشرات"For his various monographs and papers on entomology."
جون راسل هندالفلك"For the discovery of ten planetoids, the computation of their orbits, and various other astronomical discoveries."
1856جون ريتشاردسونالتاريخ الطبيعي"For his contributions to natural history and physical geography."
لورد كلفنالفيزياء"For his various chemical researches relating to electricity, to the motive power of heat, and to other subjects."
1857إدوارد فرانكلاندالكيمياء"For the isolation of the organic radicals of the alcohols, and for his researches on the metallic derivatives of alcohol."
جون ليندليعلم النبات"For his numerous researches and works on all branches of scientific botany, and especially for his vegetable kingdom, and his genera & species of Orchideae."
1858ألباني هانكوكعلم الأحياء"For his various researches on the anatomy of the mollusca."
ويليام لاسيلالفلك"لاكتشافاته وأبحاثه الفلكية المتعددة."
1859آرثر كايليالرياضيات"For his mathematical papers published in the Philosophical Transactions, and in various English and foreign journals."
جورج بنتامعلم النبات"For his important contributions to the advancement of systematic and descriptive botany."
1860أوغسطس فولني والرالفسيولوجيا العصبية"For his investigations into the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system, and for the introduction of a valuable method of conducting such investigations."
وليم فيربينهندسة الإنشاءات"For his various experimental inquiries on the properties of the materials employed in mechanical construction, contained in the Philosophical transactions, and in the publications of other scientific societies."
1861جيمس جوزيف سيلفسترالرياضيات"لمذكراته وأبحاثه العديدة في العلوم الرياضية"
{{وليم بنجامين كاربنترعلم وظائف الأعضاء"For his researches on the منخربات, contained in four memoirs in the Philosophical Transactions, his investigations into the structure of shell, his observations on the embryonic development of Purpura, and his various other writings in physiology and comparative anatomy"
1862ألكسندر وليم وليامسونالكيمياء"For his researches on the compound ethers, and his subsequent communications in organic chemistry."
جون توماس رومني روبنسونالفلك"For the Armagh catalogue of 5345 stars, deduced from observations made at the مرصد أرما, from the years 1820 up to 1854; for his papers on the construction of astronomical instruments in the memoirs of the Astronomical Society, and his paper on electromagnets in the Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy."
1863جون بيتر غاسيوتالفيزياء"For his researches on the voltaic battery and current, and on the discharge of electricity through attenuated media."
مايلز جوزيف بيركليعلم النبات"For his researches in cryptogamic botany, especially mycology."
1864جاكوب لوكهارت كلاركالتشريح"For his researches on the intimate structure of the spinal cord and brain, and on the development of the spinal cord, published in five memoirs in the Philosophical Transactions and in other writings."
وارن دي لا ريالفلك"For his observations on the total eclipse of the Sun of 1860, and for his improvements in astronomical photography."
1865أرشيبالد سميثالرياضيات"For his papers in the Philosophical Transactions and elsewhere, on the magnetism of ships."
جوزيف برستويتشالجيولوجيا"For his numerous & valuable contributions to geological science and more especially for his papers published in the Philosophical Transactions on the general question of the excavation of river valleys, and on the superficial deposits in France and England in which the works of man are associated with the remains of extinct animals."
1866ويليام هاغينزالفلك"For his researches on the spectra of some of the chemical elements and on the spectra of certain of the heavenly bodies; and especially for his researches on the spectra of the nebulae, published in the Philosophical Transactions."
وليم كيتشن باركرالتشريح"For his researches in comparative osteology, and more especially on the anatomy of the skull, as contained in papers published in the Transactions of the Zoological Society and the Philosophical Transactions."
1867جون بينيت لوويس وجوزيف هنري جيلبرتالكيمياء"For their researches in agricultural chemistry."
وليم إدموند لوغانالجيولوجيا"For his geological researches in Canada, and the construction of a geological map of that colony."
1868ألفرد راسل والاسعلم الحيوان"For his labours in practical and theoretical zoology."
جورج سالمونالرياضيات"For his researches in analytical geometry and the theory of surfaces, published in the Philosophical Transactions, the Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy, and the Quarterly Journal of Mathematics."
1869أوغوستوس ماتيسنالكيمياء"For his researches on the electrical and other physical properties of metals and their alloys."
توماس ماكليرعلم الفلك"For his measurement of an arc of the meridian at the Cape of Good Hope."
1870Thomas Davidsonعلم الأحياء القديمة"For his works on the recent and fossil Brachiopoda, more especially his series of monographs in the publications of the Palaeontographical Society."
ويليام ميلر (فيزيائي)علم المعادن"For his researches and writings on mineralogy and crystallography, and his scientific labours in the restoration of the National Standard of Weight."
1871جورج باسكعلم الحيوان"For his researches in zoology, physiology, and comparative anatomy."
John Stenhouseالكيمياء"For his researches on the lichens & their proximate constituents and derivatives, including Erythrite; and for his researches on the action of charcoal in purifying air."
1872هنري كارترعلم الحيوان"For his long continued and valuable researches in zoology, and more especially for his inquiries into the natural history of the Spongiadae."
توماس أندرسونالكيمياء"For his investigations on the organic bases of Dippells animal oil; on codeine; on the crystallized constituents of opium; on piperin and on papaverin; and for his researches in physiological and animal chemistry."
1873جورج ألمانعلم الحيوان"For his researches in zoology, and especially for his memoirs on the structure, development, and physiology of the gymnoblastic hydroids."
Henry Enfield Roscoeالكيمياء"For his various chemical investigations, especially fot those on the chemical action of light, and upon the element Vanadium and its combinations."
1874Henry Clifton Sorbyالجيولوجيا"For his researches on Slaty cleavage and on the minute structure of minerals and rocks; for the construction of the microspectroscope, and for his researches on colouring matters."
William Crawford Williamsonعلم الأحياء القديمة"For his contributions to zoology & palaeontology, & especially for his investigations into the structure of the fossil plants of the coal measures."
1875Thomas Oldhamالجيولوجيا"For his long & important services in the science of geology, first as Professor of Geology, Trin. Col. Dub. And Director of the Geol. Survey of Ireland & chiefly for the great work which he has long conducted as superintendent of the Geol. Survey of India, also for the series of volumes of geological reports and memoirs, including the Palaeontographica Indica published under his direction."
وليام كروكسالكيمياء"For his various chemical and physical researches, more especially for his discovery of thallium, his investigation of its compounds and determination of its atomic weight; and for his discovery of the repulsion referable to radiation."
1876تشارلز وايفل طومسونعلم الحيوان"For his successful direction of the scientific investigations carried on by HMS Challenger."
William Froudeجريان الموائع"For his researches both theoretical and experimental on the behaviour of ships, their oscillations, their resistance, & propulsion."
1877فريدريك أبيلالكيمياء"For his physico-chemical researches on gun cotton & explosive agents."
أوزوالد هيرالتاريخ الطبيعي"For his numerous researches & writings on the tertiary plants of Europe, of the North Atlantic, North Asia, and North America, and for his able generalizations respecting their affinities, and their geological & climatic relations."
1878ألبرت غونترعلم الحيوان"For his numerous & valuable contributions to the zoology & anatomy of fishes & reptiles."
John Allan Brounعلم الأرصاد الجوية"For his investigations during thirty five years in magnetism and meteorology & for his improvements in methods of observation."
1879Andrew Crombie Ramsayالجيولوجيا"For his long continued & successful labours in geology and physical geography."
ويليام هنري بيركنالكيمياء"For his synthetical & other researches in organic chemistry."
1880Andrew Nobleالفيزياء"For his researches into the action of explosives; his invention of the chronoscope; and other mathematical & physical inquiries."
جوزف ليسترجراحة"For his contributions on various physiological & biological subjects published in the Philosophical Transactions & Proceedings of the Royal Society & elsewhere; and for his labours practical and theoretical, on questions relating to the antiseptic system of treatment in surgery."
1881John Hewitt Jellettالرياضيات"For his various mathematical & physical papers, more especially for his researches in chemical optics, & his invention of the new and delicate analyser by which they were carried out."
Francis Maitland Balfourعلم الأحياء"For his numerous and important contributions to animal morphology; and more especially for his investigations respecting the origin of the urogenital organs and the cerebrospinal nerves of the Vertebrata; and for his work on the development of the Elasmobranch fishes."
1882جون ويليام ستروتالفيزياء"For his various papers in mathematical and experimental physics."
William Henry Flowerعلم الأحياء"For his valuable contributions to the morphology and classification of the Mammalia and to anthropology."
1883Thomas Archer Hirstالرياضيات"For his researches in pure mathematics."
John Scott Burdon-Sandersonعلم وظائف الأعضاء"For the eminent services which he has rendered to physiology and pathology, especially for his investigation of the relations of micro-organisms to disease, and his researches on the electric phenomena of plants."
1884جورج داروينالرياضيات"For his mathematical investigations on the rigidity of the Earth, and on tides."
دانيال أوليفرعلم النبات"For his investigations in the classification of plants, and for the great services which he has rendered to taxonomic botany."
1885ديفيد إدوارد هيوزهندسة كهربائية"For his electric and magnetic researches, and his invention of the microphone & the induction balance."
راي لانكسترعلم الحيوان"For his discoveries concerning the embryology and morphology of the mollusca and his services to embryology & animal morphology in general."
1886بيتر تيتالفيزياء"For his various mathematical and physical researches."
فرانسيس غالتونعلم الأحياء"For his statistical inquiries into biological phenomena."
1887ألكسندر كلارك [الإنجليزية]علم شكل الأرض ومساحتها"For his comparison of standards of length and determination of the figure of the Earth."
Henry Nottidge Moseleyالتاريخ الطبيعي"For his numerous researches in animal morphology, and especially his investigations."
1888أوزبورن رينولندزالفيزياء"For his investigations in mathematical & experimental physics, and on the application of scientific theory to engineering."
فرديناند فون مولرجغرافيا"For his long services in Australian exploration and for his investigations of the flora of the Australian continent."
1889Thomas Edward Thorpeالكيمياء"For his researches on fluorine compounds, and his determination of the atomic weights of titanium and gold."
Walter Holbrook Gaskellعلم وظائف الأعضاء"For his researches in cardiac physiology and his important discoveries in the anatomy and physiology of the sympathetic nervous system."
1890جون هوبكنسونالفيزياء"For his researches in magnetism and electricity."
David Ferrierطب الجهاز العصبي"For his researches on the localisation of cerebral functions."
1891آرثر وليام روكرالفيزياء"For his researches on liquid films, and his contributions to our knowledge of terrestrial magnetism."
تشارلز لابوورثالجيولوجيا"For his researches among the older rocks of Britain."
1892Charles PritchardAstronomy"For his work on photometry and stellar parallax."
جون نيوبورت لانغليعلم وظائف الأعضاء"لأبحاثه عن الغدد المفرزة، وعن الجهاز العصبي."
1893هاري واردعلم النبات"For his researches into the life-history of fungi and schizomycetes."
آرثر شوسترعلم النبات"For his spectroscopic inquiries, and his researches on disruptive discharge through gases and on terrestrial magnetism."
1894جوزيف جون طومسونالفيزياء"For his contributions to mathematical and experimental physics especially to electrical theory."
فيكتور هورسليعلم وظائف الأعضاء"For his investigations relating to the physiology of the nervous system, and of the thyroid gland, and to their applications to the treatment of disease."
1895جون مورايعلم المحيطات"For his services to biological science and oceanography in connection with the "Challenger" reports, and for his original contributions to the same."
جيمس ألفريد يوينغالفيزياء"For his investigations on magnetic induction in iron and other metals.
1896Archibald Geikieالجيولوجيا"For his many original contributions to geology especially those upon the Old Red Sandstone of Western Europe."
تشارلز فيرنون بويزالفيزياء"For his invention of Quartz Fibres and investigation of their properties, his improvement of the radio-micrometer and investigations with it, for developments in the art of instantaneous photography, and for his determination of the value of the constant of attraction."
1897ريتشارد ستراكيسالجيولوجيا"لأبحاثه في العلوم الجغرافية والجوية والنباتية"
أندرو فورسيثالرياضيات"لإسهاماته في تقدم الرياضيات البحتة، وبشكل خاص لأبحاثه في المعادلات التفاضلية ونظرية الدوال."
1898جون كيرالفيزياء"For his researches on the optical effect of electrical stress and on the reflection of light at the surface of a magnetised body."
والتر غاردينرعلم النبات"For his researches on the protoplasmic connection of the cells of vegetable tissues and on the minute histology of plants."
1899وليم كارمايكل ماكنتوشعلم الأحياء البحرية"For his important monographs on British marine zoology and on the fishing industries."
جورج فرانسيس فيتزجيرالدالفيزياء"لإسهاماته في العلوم الفيزيائية، وخصوصًا في مجالي البصريات والكهرباء."

القرن العشرون

السنة الاسم المجال سبب المنح[2]
1900Alfred Newtonعلم الطيور"For his eminent contributions to the science of ornithology and the geographical distribution of animals."
Percy Alexander MacMahonالرياضيات"For the number and range of his contributions to mathematical science"
1901وليام إدوارد ايرتونElectrical engineering"For his contributions to electrical science."
ويليام توماس بلانفوردالجيولوجيا"For his work in connection with the geographical distribution of animals"
1902إدوارد ألبرت شاربي شافرNeurology"For his researches into the functions and minute structure of the Central Nervous System, especially with regard to the motor and sensory functions of the cortex of the brain."
هوراس لامبرياضيات تطبيقية"For his investigations in mathematical physics."
1903ديفيد جيلAstronomy"For his researches in solar and stellar parallax, and his energetic direction of the Royal Observatory at the Cape of Good Hope."
هوراس تابيرير براونالكيمياء"For his work on the chemistry of the carbohydrates and on the assimilation of carbonic acid by green plants."
1904ديفيد بروسعلم الأحياء الدقيقة"For his valuable researches in the pathology of Malta fever, nagana, and sleeping sickness, and especially for his discoveries as regards the exact causes of these diseases."
ويليام برنسايدالرياضيات"For his researches in mathematics, particularly in the theory of groups."
1905تشارلز شرينغتونNeurophysiology"For his researches on the Central Nervous System especially in relation to reflex action."
جون هنري بوينتنجالفيزياء" For his researches in physical science, especially in connection with the constant of gravitation and the theories of electrodynamics and radiation."
1906Alfred George Greenhillالرياضيات"For his contributions to mathematics, especially the elliptic functions and their applications."
Dukinfield Henry Scottعلم النبات"For his investigations and discoveries in connection with the structure and relationship of fossil plants."
1907Ernest William Hobsonالرياضيات"On the ground of his investigations in mathematics."
Ramsay Heatley Traquairالتاريخ الطبيعي"On the ground of his discoveries relating to fossil fishes."
1908Henry HeadNeurology"On the ground of his researches on the relations between the visceral & somatic nerves and on the functions of the different nerves."
John Milneالجيولوجيا"On the ground of his work in seismology."
1909أغوستوس إدوارد هوف لوفالرياضيات"On the ground of his researches in the theory of elasticity and cognate subjects."
رونالد روسالطب"On the ground of his researches in connection with malaria."
1910Frederick Orpen Bowerعلم النبات"On the ground of his treatise on the origin of a land flora."
جون جوليالجيولوجيا"On the ground of researches in physics and geology."
1911George Chrystalالرياضيات"On the ground of his work in mathematics and physics."
وليام بايليسعلم وظائف الأعضاء"On the ground of his researches in physiology."
1912غرافتون أليوت سميثAnatomyno rationale given
William Mitchinson Hicksالفيزياء"On the ground of his researches in mathematical physics."
1913Ernest Henry Starlingعلم وظائف الأعضاء"On the ground of his contributions to the advancement of physiology."
Harold Baily Dixonالكيمياء"On the ground of his eminence in physical chemistry, especially in connexion with explosions in gases."
1914إرنست ويليام براونAstronomy"For investigations in astronomy, chiefly in the lunar theory."
William Johnson Sollasالجيولوجيا"For researches in palaeontology."
1915جوزيف لارمورالرياضيات"On the ground of his numerous and important contributions to mathematical and physical science."
William Halse Rivers Riversعلم الأعراق"On the ground of his important contributions to ethnography and ethnology."
1916Hector Munro Macdonaldالرياضيات"For his contributions to mathematical physics."
جون سكوت هولدينعلم وظائف الأعضاء"For his distinguished services to chemical physiology, more especially in reference to the chemical changes in respiration."
1917Arthur Smith WoodwardPalaeontology"On the ground of his researches in vertebrate palaeontology."
جون ايتكينعلم الأرصاد الجوية"On the ground of his work on cloudy condensations."
1918ألفريد فاولرAstronomy"For his distinguished researches in physical astronomy and spectroscopy."
فريدريك هوبكنسالكيمياء الحيوية"On the ground of his researches in chemical physiology."
1919جيمس جينسالرياضيات"On the ground of his researches in applied mathematics."
جون فارمرعلم النبات"On the ground of his notable work on plant and animal cytology."
1920غودفري هارولد هارديالرياضيات"On the ground of his researches in pure mathematics."
وليام باتسونعلم الوراثة"On the ground of his contributions to biological science, and especially his studies in genetics."
1921فرانك واتسون دايسونAstronomy"For his researches on the distribution and movement of the stars."
Frederick Blackmanعلم النبات"For his researches on the gaseous exchange in plants & on the operation of limiting factors."
1922تشارلز ويلسونعلم الأرصاد الجوية"For his researches on condensation nuclei and atmospheric electricity."
جوزيف باركروفتعلم وظائف الأعضاء"For his researches in physiology and especially for his work in connection with respiration."
1923تشارلز جيمس مارتنعلم وظائف الأعضاء"For his researches on animal metabolism"
ويليام شوعلم الأرصاد الجوية"For his researches in meteorological science"
1924Dugald Clerkالهندسة"For his application of scientific principles to engineering problems."
هنري ديلعلم الصيدلة"For his researches in pharmacology and physiology."
1925Albert Charles Sewardعلم النبات"For his researches on the palaeobotany of Gondwanaland."
William Henry Perkin, Jr.كيمياء عضوية"For his work on the constitution of the alkaloids carried out during the past few years."
1926أرشيبالد هلعلم وظائف الأعضاء"For his distinguished work on the physical and chemical aspects of muscular contraction."
William Bate Hardyالكيمياء الحيوية"For his pioneer work on colloidal chemistry and the theory of lubrication."
1927جون كانينغهام ماكليننالفيزياء" For his researches in spectroscopy and atomic physics."
توماس لويس (طبيب قلب)طب القلب"For his researches on the vascular system, following upon his earlier work on the mammalian heart-beat."
1928آرثر ستانلي إدنغتونAstrophysics"For his contributions to astrophysics."
روبرت برومPalaeontology"For his discoveries which have shed new light on the problem of the origin of mammals."
1929جون إيدنسور ليتلوودالرياضيات"For his work on mathematical analysis and the theory of prime numbers."
Robert MuirPathology"For his contributions to the science of immunology."
1930John Edward Marrالجيولوجيا"For his pioneer work in the accurate zoning of the palaeozoic rocks."
أوين ريتشاردسونالفيزياء"For his work on thermionics and spectroscopy."
1931ريتشارد قلازبروكالفيزياء"For his distinguished work in experimental physics."
ويليام لانغعلم النبات"For his work on the anatomy and morphology of the fern-like fossils of the Old Red Sandstone."
1932إدوارد ميلانبيعلم الأدوية"For his important researches on dietary factors, particularly in connexion with rickets."
روبرت روبنسونالكيمياء"For his work in many branches of organic chemistry, especially on the structure of plant products and their phytochemical synthesis."
1933جيفري إنغرام تايلورالفيزياء"For his mathematical work in physics, geophysics and aerodynamics."
Patrick Playfair Laidlawعلم الفيروسات"For his work on diseases due to viruses, including that on the cause and prevention of distemper in dogs."
1934إدغار أدريانفيزيولوجيا كهربائية"For his work on the physiology of nerve and its application to the problems of sensation."
سيدني تشابمان (رياضياتي)Geophysics"For his researches in the kinetic theory of gases, in terrestrial magnetism and in the phenomena of the upper atmosphere."
1935Alfred Harkerعلم الصخور"In recognition of his distinguished work and influence as a petrologist."
Charles Galton Darwinالفيزياء"For his researches in mathematical physics, especially in the quantum mechanics of the electron and in optics."
1936Edwin Stephen Goodrichعلم الحيوان"For his work on the morphology of the excretory organs of the invertebrate and for his work on the comparative anatomy and embryology of the vertebrata."
رالف فاولرالفيزياء"For his work on statistical mechanics and allied departments of modern mathematical physics."
1937آرثر هنري ريجنالد بولرعلم الأحياء"In recognition of his researches on the general biology and sexuality of the fungi."
Nevil Vincent Sidgwickالكيمياء"In recognition of his distinguished work on valency and on molecular structure."
1938فرانسيس أستونالفيزياء"For his discovery of the isotopes of non-radioactive elements."
رونالد فيشرإحصاء"For his important contributions to the theory and practice of statistical methods."
1939ديفيد كيلينEntomology"For his contributions to biochemistry and entomology; in particular for his demonstration of the part played by cytochrome in the oxidation-reduction mechanisms of the living cell; and for his studies of the higher diptera."
بول ديراكالفيزياء"For the leading part he had taken in the development of the new quantum mechanics."
1940Francis Hugh Adam Marshallعلم وظائف الأعضاء"For his contributions to the physiology of animal reproduction."
باتريك بلاكيتالفيزياء"For his studies of cosmic rays and the showers of particles which they produce, for his share in the discovery of the positive electron, for his work on mesons and many other experimental achievements."
1941Ernest KennawayPathology"For his discovery of the nature of the carcinogenic substances in coal tar and for his investigations on production of cancer by synthetic substances."
إدوارد آرثر ميلنفيزياء فلكية"For his researches on the atmospheres of the earth and the sun, on the internal constitution of the stars, and on the theory of relativity."
1942William Whiteman Carlton Topleyعلم الأحياء الدقيقة"For his outstanding work on experimental epidemiology and immunology."
ولتر هاوارثالكيمياء"For his fundamental contributions to organic chemistry, particularly to the constitution of the sugars and the structure of complex polysaccharides."
1943Edward Battersby Baileyالجيولوجيا"For his distinguished contributions to the knowledge of mountain structure and his studies on the tectonics of vulcanism."
هارولد جونزAstronomy"For his determination of the solar parallax and of other fundamental astronomical constants."
1944Charles Robert Haringtonالكيمياء"For his work in the analysis and synthesis of thyroxine, and in immunological chemistry."
David Bruntعلم الأرصاد الجوية"For his fundamental contributions to meteorology."
1945Edward James Salisburyعلم النبات"For his notable contributions to plant ecology and to the study of the British flora generally."
جون ديزموند برنالعلم البلورات"For his work on the structure of proteins and other substances by X-ray methods and for the solution of many other problems requiring a physical approach."
1946Cyril Dean Darlingtonعلم الأحياء"For his distinguished researches in cytology and genetics."
وليام لورنس براغالفيزياء"For his distinguished researches in the sciences of X-ray structure analysis and X-ray spectroscopy."
1947فرانك ماكفارلين بورنيتVirology"For his distinguished work on bacteriophages, viruses and immunity; and for his contributions to the study of infectious disease as an ecological phenomenon."
سيريل هنشلوودالكيمياء"For his distinguished work on the mechanism of chemical reactions from the simplest gas phase processes to the complexities of cell division."
1948جيمس غراي  علم الحيوان"For his distinguished researches in cytology, ciliary movement, and particularly his anatomical and experimental studies of animal posture and locomotion."
هارولد جيفريزGeophysics"For his distinguished work in geophysics and his important contributions to the astronomy of the solar system.
1949Rudolph Albert Petersالكيمياء الحيوية"For his distinguished biochemical researches, in particular his investigations of (i) the biochemical role of vitamin B1 in tissue metabolism; and (ii) the mechanism of the toxic action of lewisite and other arsenical compounds."
جورج باغيت طومسونالفيزياء"For his distinguished contributions to many branches of atomic physics, and especially for his work in establishing the wave properties of the electron."
1950Carl Frederick Abel Pantinعلم الحيوان"For his contributions to the comparative physiology of the Invertebrata, particularly his work on nerve conduction in Crustacea and Actinozoa."
إدوارد فيكتور أبلتونالفيزياء"For his work on the ele [sic] transmission of electromagnetic waves round the earth and for his investigations of the ionic state of the upper atmosphere."
1951هوارد فلوريعلم الأدوية"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to pathology by his studies of the functions of mucin and by his work on penicillin and other antibiotics."
إيان هيلبرونكيميائي"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to organic chemistry, notably in the field of vitamin A and polyene synthesis."
1952Frederic Bartlettعلم النفس التجريبي"In recognition of his creation of an experimental school of psychology which has established under his leadership an outstanding position recognized internationally as without superior."
Christopher Kelk Ingoldالكيمياء"In recognition of his extensive theoretical and practical studies of the mechanism of organic chemical reactions and the factors influencing them; and for his analysis of the structure of benzene."
1953بول فيلدزMicrobiology"In recognition of his classical researches on growth factors for bacteria and for laying the foundation of work leading to a rational approach to chemotherapy."
نيفيل موتالفيزياء"In recognition of his eminent work in the field of quantum theory and particularly in the theory of metals."
1954هانس كريبسالكيمياء الحيوية"In recognition of his discovery of two key reactions in animal metabolism and for his distinguished contributions to the knowledge of cell energetics."
جون كوكروفتالفيزياء"In recognition of his distinguished work on nuclear and atomic physics."
1955Vincent WigglesworthEntomology"In recognition of his distinguished experimental contributions of outstanding value to many aspects of insect physiology."
ألكسندر تودالكيمياء الحيوية"In recognition of his distinguished work in organic chemistry."
1956أوين جونز (جيولوجي)الجيولوجيا"In recognition of his distinguished studies in the Palaeozoic rocks, particularly in Wales, his work on sediments, his palaeontological researches and the application of geological knowledge to practical problems."
دوروثي هودجكنالكيمياء"In recognition of her distinguished work in the elucidation of structures of penicillin, vitamin B12 and other important compounds by the methods of X-ray crystallography."
1957Frederick Gugenheim Gregoryعلم النبات"In recognition of his distinguished studies in plant physiology."
وليام فالانس دوغلاس هودجالرياضيات"In recognition of his distinguished work on algebraic geometry."
1958آلن لويد هودجكينعلم وظائف الأعضاء"In recognition of his distinguished work on the mechanism of excitation and conduction in nerve and muscle."
هاري ماسيالفيزياء"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to physics, and particularly for his experimental and theoretical studies of collision phenomena in gases."
1959بيتر مدورعلم وظائف الأعضاء"In recognition of his distinguished contributions in the field of tissue transplantation immunity and acquired tolerance."
رودولف بيرلزالفيزياء"In recognition of his distinguished work on the theoretical foundations of high energy and nuclear physics."
1960روي كاميرونPathology"In recognition of his distinguished contributions in the field of cellular pathology"
برنارد لوفيلالفيزياء"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to radio astronomy."
1961ويلفريد كلاركعلم وظائف الأعضاء"In recognition of his outstanding contributions to neuroanatomy and primate morphology, which he has combined to provide new knowledge of human evolution."
سيسل باولالفيزياء"In recognition of his pioneering work on the development of the photographic emulsion technique in the investigation of cosmic rays and the outstanding results derived therefrom on the elementary particles in cosmic radiation."
1962جون إيكلسNeurophysiology"In recognition of his distinguished investigations of the function of the spinal cord, particularly of the mechanisms of excitation and inhibition."
سابرامانين تشاندراسخارAstrophysics"In recognition of his distinguished researches in mathematical physics, particularly those related to the stability of convective motions in fluids with and without magnetic fields."
1963Herbert Harold Readالجيولوجيا"In recognition of his outstanding contributions to the understanding of the processes of rock metamorphism and the origins of granite."
روبن هيل (كيميائي حيوي)الكيمياء الحيوية"In recognition of his distinguished work in biochemistry of plants, especially for his contributions to knowledge of photosynthesis."
1964Francis Brambellالطب"In recognition of his important contribution to our understanding of the passage of protein from maternal to foetal circulations."
جيمس لايتهيلAeroacoustics"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to knowledge of the flow of compressible gases, and the mathematical theory of distributions."
1965Henry Charles Husbandالهندسة"In recognition of his distinguished work in many aspects of engineering, particularly for his design studies of large structures such as those exemplified in the radio telescopes at Jodrell Bank and Goonhilly Downs."
جون كندروCrystallography"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to the complete structural analysis of a protein molecule (myoglobin), particularly the biological aspects of this study."
Raymond Arthur LyttletonAstronomy"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to astronomy, particularly for his work on the dynamical stability of galaxies."
1966كريستوفر كوكيريلالهندسة"In recognition of his pioneering invention, and major contributions to the subsequent development of hovercraft."
Frank YatesStatistical biology"In recognition of his profound and far-reaching contributions to the statistical methods of experimental biology."
John Ashworth Ratcliffeالفيزياء"In recognition of his distinguished studies in the ionosphere and on the propagation of radio waves."
1967Joseph Hutchinsonعلم الأحياء"In recognition of his distinguished work on the genetics and evolution of crop-plants with particular reference to cotton."
John Zachary YoungNeurophysiology"In recognition of his outstanding researches correlating neural structure with function."
سيسيل إدغار تيليPetrology"In recognition of his many distinguished contributions in all branches of retrology."
1968Gilbert Robertsالهندسة"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to civil engineering, and in particular to the design and construction of long-span suspension bridges."
Walter Thomas James Morganالكيمياء الحيوية"In recognition of his outstanding contributions to knowledge of the chemistry of blood-group substances, with special reference to genetical as well as immunological considerations."
مايكل عطيةالرياضيات"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to algebraic geometry and to the study of differential equations by the methods of algebraic topology."
1969تشارلز أوتاليElectrical engineering"In recognition of his distinguished work in the wartime development of radar and latterly for the design and development of a highly successful scanning electron microscope."
فردريك سانغرالكيمياء الحيوية"In recognition of his pioneer work on the sequence of amino acids in proteins and of nucleotides of ribonucleic acids."
George Edward Raven DeaconOceanography"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to physical oceanography and for his leadership as director of the National Institute of Oceanography."
1970John Fleetwood Bakerالهندسة"In recognition of his fundamental and applied work on the plastic behaviour and design of framed structures which is now being used throughout the world."
William Albert Hugh Rushtonعلم وظائف الأعضاء"In recognition of his distinguished work on the visual pigments in the living eye and on chemical and nervous adaptation in the retina."
Kingsley Charles Dunhamالجيولوجيا"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to pure and applied geology, and especially in the field of metallic ore deposits."
1971Percy Edward Kentالجيولوجيا"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to oil and gas exploration and the geology of oil and gas fields."
ماكس بيروتسعلم الأحياء"In recognition of his pioneering work on the molecular biology and structure of proteins."
غيرهارد هيرتسبيرغالفيزياء"In recognition of his distinguished experimental researches in atomic and molecular spectroscopy and its applications in chemistry, physics and astronomy."
1972بينيت لويسفيزياء نووية"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to the science and technology of heavy water reactors for power generation."
فرنسيس كريكعلم الأحياء"In recognition of his elucidation of the structure of DNA and his continuing contribution to molecular biology."
ديريك هارولد بارتونالكيمياء"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to organic chemistry, especially his theories on the conformation of organic molecules and his syntheses of natural products."
1973إدوارد إبراهام علم الأحياء"In recognition of his outstanding work on the isolation, characterization and development of the cephalosporin group of antibiotics."
رودني بورترعلم الأحياء"In recognition of his penetrating investigations on the structure of immunoglobulins."
مارتين رايلAstronomy"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to radioastronomy."
1974سيدني برانرعلم الأحياء"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to molecular biology concerning the nature of the genetic code and its expression during development."
George Edwardsالهندسة"In recognition of his many contributions to aeronautical engineering, particularly in the realization of supersonic aircraft."
فريد هويلالفيزياء"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to theoretical physics and cosmology."
1975Barnes Wallisالهندسة"In recognition of the originality of his ideas and the determination with which he has pursued them."
ديفيد شيلتون فيليبسعلم الأحياء"In recognition of his solution of the three-dimensional structure of an enzyme and his outstanding contributions to the techniques of x-ray crystallography."
إدوارد بولاردGeophysics"In recognition of his distinction as a world leader in geophysics, especially the generation of the earths magnetic field, the origin of the oceans and continental drift."
1976آلان والشالفيزياء"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to emission and infra-red spectroscopy and his origination of the atomic absorption method of quantitative analysis."
جيمس ليرمونث جووانزالطب"In recognition of his distinguished research in the field of immunology, especially as regards the recirculation and immunological role of lymphocytes"
جون كورنفورثالكيمياء"In recognition of his fundamental contribution to the stereochemical unravelling of the biosynthesis of squalene and cholesterol from acetate and mevalonate."
1977John Bertram Adamsالفيزياء"In recognition of his outstanding contributions to the design and operation of high-energy particle accelerators."
هيو هكسليعلم الأحياء"In recognition of his distinguished research on the structure of muscle and on the molecular mechanisms of contraction."
Peter Hirschعلم المواد"In recognition of his distinguished studies of defects in crystals and especially of his elucidation of the process of work hardening."
1978Tom Kilburnالهندسة"In recognition of his outstanding individual and continuing contribution to the development of computer hardware in the United Kingdom over the last thirty years."
Roderic Alfred Gregoryعلم الأحياء"In recognition of his distinguished studies of the biological activity of peptide hormones in relation to their structure."
محمد عبد السلامالفيزياء"In recognition of his outstanding contributions to the physics of elementary particles with special reference to the unification of the electromagnetic and weak interactions."
1979Vernon Ellis Cosslettالفيزياء"In recognition of his outstanding contributions to the design and development of the X-ray microscope, the scanning electron microprobe analyser, the high voltage and ultrahigh resolution (2.5A) electron microscopes and their applications in many disciplines."
Hans Walter Kosterlitzعلم الأحياء"In recognition of his distinguished work on narcotics leading to the discovery in 1975 of the enkephalins."
فريدريك تشارلز فرانكالفيزياء"In recognition of his outstanding original contributions to the theory of crystal growth, dislocations, phase transformations and polymers, with wide applications in physics, chemistry and geology."
1980يوحنا بولس وايلدAstronomy"In recognition of his conception of the basic principles of the Interscan aircraft instrument landing system and the guidance of its development to a successful conclusion."
Henry Harrisالطب"In recognition of his development of cell fusion for the study of somatic-cell genetics and differentiation including the genetic control of malignancy."
دينيس ويلكينسونالفيزياء"In recognition of his highly original research in nuclear physics and of his outstanding contributions on giant resonances, radiative widths, second-class beta decay and the fundamental symmetries of nuclear interactions and also on instrumentation."
1981رالف رايليGenetics"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to understanding the genetics of wheat and the development of new methods of producing improved varieties."
مارثا فوجتالعلوم العصبية"In recognition of her important contributions to synaptic biochemistry and pharmacology which are fundamental to modern neuropharmacology."
جوفري ولكنسونالكيمياء"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to preparative inorganic chemistry and in particular to the synthesis and application of organometallic compounds."
1982سيزار ميلشتاينالكيمياء الحيوية"In recognition of his fundamental contribution to understanding the structure and genetic control of immunoglobulins; his hybridoma technique for producing monoclonal antibodies has revolutionized the potential practical applications of immunology."
William Hawthorneالهندسة"In recognition of his outstanding contributions to engineering thermodynamics and fluid mechanics, and particularly the internal aerodynamics of turbomachines."
ريتشارد داليتزالفيزياء"In recognition of his outstanding contributions to particle physics, particularly in relation to the properties of strange particles."
1983دانيال جوزيف برادليالفيزياء"In recognition of his development of the techniques of generating ultra-short light pulses from lasers, and of picosecond streak cameras."
Wilhelm Siegmund Feldbergعلم الأحياء"In recognition of his contributions to elucidating the nature of chemical synaptic transmission in nervous systems and the regulating effects of hormones in peripheral systems."
John Kingmanالرياضيات"In recognition of his distinguished researches on queuing theory, on regenerative phenomena, and on mathematical genetics."
1984Alexander Lamb CullenElectrical engineering"In recognition of his many distinguished contributions to microwave engineering, both theoretical and experimental, and in particular for research on microwave antennae."
ماري ليونGenetics"In recognition of her distinguished contributions to the discovery of X-chromosome inactivation as a mechanism of gene dosage compensation."
آلن باترسبيالكيمياء"In recognition of his distinguished contributions to the elucidation of the pathway for the biosynthesis of complex natural products."
1985John Argyrisالهندسة"For his great contribution to the development of finite element analysis and its application to the solution of engineering problems."
جون غوردونعلم الأحياء"For his outstanding contributions to the techniques of nuclear transplantation and the use of the amphibian egg for investigations on replication, transcription and translation of genes."
روجر بنروزالفيزياء"For his fundamental contributions to the theory of gravitational collapse and to other geometric aspects of theoretical physics."
1986Eric AshElectrical engineering"In recognition of his outstanding researches on acoustic microscopy leading to wholly new techniques and substantial improvements in resolution of acoustic microscopes."
ريتشارد دولعلم وظائف الأعضاء"In recognition of his pioneering use of statistical and epidemiological techniques to evaluate environmental factors in disease, notably that cigarette smoking causes lung cancer, heart disease and bronchitis."
Rex Richardsالكيمياء"In recognition of his many contributions, both theoretical and instrumental, to nuclear magnetic resonance."
1987غوستاف فيكتور رودولف بورنعلم الأدوية"In recognition of his major contributions to the physiology, pathology and pharmacology of platelets and of his widely used methods for studying platelet function in haemostasis and thrombosis."
Eric James DentonMarine biology"In recognition of his outstanding contributions to the physiology of marine animals, to marine biology generally, and his leadership of U.K. marine science."
فرانسيس غراهام سميثAstronomy"In recognition of his outstanding contributions to radio- and optical-astronomy."
1988هارولد بارلوالهندسة"In recognition of his distinguished research, particularly on microwaves and waveguides, and of his lasting influence as the founder of an unusually productive research school."
وينيفريد واتكينسالكيمياء الحيوية"In recognition of her fundamental contributions towards an understanding of the biochemical genetics of carbohydrate antigens on cell surfaces and in secreted glycoproteins."
جورج باتشيلورالرياضيات"In recognition of his distinguished work on the theory of turbulence and turbulent diffusion, and the theory of microhydrodynamics and colloidal suspensions."
1989جون روبرت فينعلم الأدوية"In recognition of his development of techniques to detect and monitor substances in the blood that regulate the circulation, and their application to the treatment of vascular and ischaemic conditions."
ديفيد ويثيرالالطب"In recognition of his pioneering work on the clinical and molecular basis of the thalassaemias, and fundamental contributions to the unravelling of their heterogeneity."
جون تشارلس بولانييالكيمياء"In recognition of his pioneering work on the electromagnetic radiation emitted from chemical charges, leading to the basis of the chemical laser process."
1990Olgierd Cecil Zienkiewiczالهندسة"In recognition of his pioneering development of the finite element method as a general procedure of solving problems of engineering physics and for demonstrating its success in applications to stress analysis, fluid mechanics, electromagnetics and many other situations."
آن مكلارينعلم الأحياء النمائي"In recognition of her distinguished research on mammalian embryology, particularly for providing much of the scientific basis for in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer, and for analysing sex determination in mammals."
ميخائيل بيري (أستاذ جامعي)الفيزياء"In recognition of his deep and innovatory researches in classical and quantum physics, especially the discovery of the "Berry phase"."
1991John Masonالفيزياء"In recognition of his distinguished research on cloud physics and, as Director-General of the Meteorological Office, his broadening and strengthening of research in meteorology in the UK."
مايكل جون بيردجعلم الأحياء"In recognition of his discovery that إينوزيتول ثلاثي الفسفات functions as a second messenger to mobilize calcium."
دان ماكينزي (جيوفيزيائي)Geophysics"In recognition of his seminal role in developing a quantitative understanding of a wide range of geophysical and geological processes, including نظرية الصفائح التكتونية, mantle convection, continental deformation and melt segregation."
1992David TaborPhysics"for his seminal contributions to the basic study of friction and wear between solids, of considerable relevance to the design of machines."
Anthony EpsteinMedicine"distinguished for the isolation of the فيروس إبشتاين-بار which is closely associated with Burkitts lymphoma."
سيمون دونالدسونالرياضيات"distinguished for his work which has revolutionized our understanding of four-dimensional geometry."
1993رودني هيلApplied mathematics"for his outstanding contribution to the theoretical mechanics of solids, and especially the plasticity of solids."
Horace Barlowالعلوم العصبية"for his outstanding and original contributions to electrophysiological, computational and psychophysical study of visual sensation and perception."
فولكر هاينالفيزياء"In recognition of his contributions to solid state theory, in particular the bonding and structure of solids."
1994Salvador Moncadaعلم الأدوية"for his contributions to pharmacology and the discovery of basic mechanisms of signal transmission relevant to drug action."
Eric MansfieldAeronautics"for his many fundamental and analytical contributions to our knowledge of advanced aeronautical structures, and more recently to the biological sciences."
Sivaramakrishna Chandrasekharالفيزياء"his many new discoveries in the understanding of liquid crystals, for a synthesis of the subject of his seminal book, "The invention of discotic liquid crystals", and for elucidating their remarkable properties."
1995دونالد ميتكالفالطب"In recognition of his discovery of colony stimulating factors which regulate the growth and differentiation of normal hematopoietic and leukemic cells."
بول نرسالكيمياء الحيوية"In recognition of his work on the control of the cell cycle in eukaryotic cells by his discovery of the identity and function of genes that regulate the key control points in the process of cell proliferation."
روبرت وليامز  الكيمياء"In recognition of his contributions in clearly presenting the role of inorganic elements in biological systems."
1996روبرت هايندعلم الحيوان"In recognition of his contributions to the field of animal behaviour and the dominant influence it achieved on the emerging field of علم سلوك الحيوان (الإيثولوجيا)."
Jack Heslop-Harrisonعلم النبات"In recognition of his pioneering work in plant reproductive biology, in particular the areas of taxonomy and ecology, whole plant physiology, development of sub-cellular systems in somatic and reproductive cells, pollen/stigma interactions and acto/myosin transport systems within the pollen tube."
أندرو وايلزMathematics"In recognition of his achievements in number theory, in particular مبرهنة فيرما الأخيرة and his achievements in algebraic number theory particularly the celebrated main conjecture on cyclotomic fields."
1997جيفري إيجلينتونالكيمياء"In recognition of his contribution to our understanding of the way in which chemicals move from the living biosphere to the fossil geosphere, in particular the origin, genesis, maturation and migration of oil which has had great repercussions on the petroleum industry."
جون ماينارد سميثعلم الأحياء"In recognition of his theoretical contributions to evolutionary biology, combining mathematics and biology to develop a sound understanding in such fields as population dynamics, paleobiology, ethology, behavioural ecology, bacteriology and genetics."
دونالد هيل بيركنزالفيزياء"In recognition of his contributions to experimental particle physics, in particular the elucidation of the structure of the nucleon on the basis of observations of نيوترينو interactions, the quark substructure of the nucleon, and production of the first quantitative evidence for the validity of ديناميكا لونية كمية (QCD)."
1998Edwin Southernالكيمياء الحيوية"In recognition of his development of the method of transferring spatial patterns of DNA fragments from the electrophoretic separation medium to membranes on which the hybridisation could occur known as southern blotting, now a fundamental technique in molecular biology."
ريكاردو ميليديالعلوم العصبية"In recognition of his many important discoveries in cellular and molecular physiology which have greatly advanced our knowledge of synaptic transmission in the nervous system and of long term effects of trophic interaction between neurones and effector cells."
Donald Charlton Bradleyالكيمياء"In recognition of his pioneering work on the molecular chemistry of metal-alkoxides and metal-amides, their synthesis, structure and bonding, and for his studies of their conversions to metal-oxides and metal-nitrides, processes which now find common place applications in materials science, especially in the fields of microelectronics and chemical vapour deposition."
1999جون فرانك ديفيدسونالكيمياء"In recognition of his distinguished work over many years in chemical engineering, including fluid flow, process dynamics, gas absorption and fluidization technology which has been concerned with real problems of industrial significance."
Patrick David Wallالعلوم العصبية"In recognition of his fundamental contributions to our knowledge of the somatosensory system and, in particular, pain mechanisms, where his insights led to the therapeutic use of electrical stimulation of peripheral nerves, dorsal columns of the spinal cord, and brain stem for the control of pain, methods that are now in widespread use."
أرشيبالد هوىالفيزياء"In recognition of his outstanding contributions to the development and application of electron microscopy of materials, and to the underlying theories of electron scattering, in particular his extensive contributions to inelastic scattering theory, his systematic high resolution microscope studies of amorphous materials, his introduction of the concept of coherence volume for hollow cone dark field imaging and his pioneering use of a high angle annular dark field detector to image small catalyst particles."

القرن الحادي والعشرون

السنة الاسم المجال سبب المنح[2]
2000تيموثي بيرنرز-ليعلوم الحاسب"تقديرًا لابتكاره ـ ثم تطويره ـ للشبكة العنكبوتية العالمية، وتصميمه مسار المورد المنمط (URL)، ونظام عنونة يعطي كل صفحة ويب موقعًا متفردًا، وبروتوكولي HTTP وHTML"
جوفري بيرنستوكالعلوم العصبية"In recognition of his development of new hypotheses challenging the accepted views on autonomic neurotransmission, leading to new advances in the understanding of purinergic neurotransmission."
كيث أشروود إنغولدالكيمياء"تقديرًا لأبحاثه التي وضحت آلية التفاعلات التي تدخل فيها الجذور الحرة."
2001ريتشارد غاردنرعلم الأحياء"In recognition of his pioneering work on microsurgery of the mouse blastocyst which laid the foundation for major advances in biological knowledge, both in developmental biology and in understanding of gene function."
غابرييل هورنعلم الأحياء"In recognition of his work on the neurobiological mechanisms of behavioural imprinting, embracing molecular, cellular, anatomical, electrophysiological and ethological approaches to learning and memory."
سام إدواردزالفيزياء"تقديرًا لأثره الهائل على نطاق واسع من العلوم الفيزيائية، وخاصةً فيزياء المواد المتكثفة النظرية"
2002ريتشارد بيتوالرياضيات"تقديرًا لأبحاثه البارزة في وبائيات التدخين والأمراض المزمنة"
سوزان كوريعلم الوراثة"In recognition of her distinguished work on the molecular basis of cancer. She pioneered the use of transgenic mice to elucidate the role of various oncogenes in lymphoid malignancies."
راي فريمانالكيمياء"تقديرًا لإسهاماته الجوهرية في تطوير وفهم أساليب الفحص بالرنين المغناطيسي النووي"
2003جون سكيهيلعلم الفيروسات"In recognition of his pioneering research into virology. His studies and discoveries in the mechanisms by which influenza virus binds to the host cell, and in virus-cell membrane fusion have had a fundamental impact on the field."
كينيث جونسونالهندسة"In recognition of his outstanding work in the field of contact mechanics. His work his characterised by elegant experiments, skilful analyses and insightful explanations of observed phenomena."
نيكولاس شاكلتونالجيولوجيا"in recognition of his seminal contributions to the fields of paleoceanography and geochemistry."
2004جيمس بلاكالكيمياء"In recognition of his work in both academia and industry, pioneering a new era of rational drug discovery."
أليك جيفريزعلم الوراثة"تقديرًا لاكتشافاته وابتكاراته البارزة التي كان لها أثر كبير على جوانب كثيرة من علم الوراثة"
جاك لويسالكيمياء"In recognition of his distinguished career in the field of inorganic chemistry over the last 50 years, mainly in the area of the transition elements."
2005مايكل بيبرالفيزياء"In recognition of his work which has had the highest level of influence in condensed matter physics and has resulted in the creation of the modern field of semiconductor nanostructures."
أنطوني باوسونعلم الأحياء"تقديرًا لاكتشافاته التي كشفت المبادئ المنظمة لعملية نقل الإشارات الخلوية، والتي كان لها دور محوري في فهم حالات مرضية كالسرطان"
مايكل فيشرالفيزياء"In recognition of his seminal contributions to wetting transitions, dislocation melting and criticality of ionic solutions and many other topics in Statistical Mechanics."
2006ديفيد بولكومبعلم النبات"In recognition of his profoundly significant recent discoveries for not only plants but for all of biology and for medicine."
تيم هانتالكيمياء الحيوية"discovering a key aspect of cell cycle control, the protein cyclin which is a component of cyclin dependent kinases, demonstrating his ability to grasp the significance of the result outside his immediate sphere of interest."
جون بندريالفيزياء"In recognition of his seminal contributions in surface sciences, disordered systems, photonics and most recently in metamaterials and the concept of the perfect lens."
2007توماس ليندالالطب"making fundamental contributions to our understanding of DNA repair. His achievements stand out for their great originality, breadth and lasting influence."
سايرل هيلسومالفيزياء"In recognition of his many outstanding contributions and for continuing to use his prodigious talents on behalf of industry, government and academe to this day."
جيمس فيستالكيمياء"In recognition of his outstanding contributions to chemical synthesis with far reaching implications, particularly for the field of functional polymeric materials."
2008روبرت هيدجزعلم الآثار"In recognition of his contribution to the rapid development of accelerator mass spectrometry and radiocarbon dating techniques."
فيليب كوهينالكيمياء الحيوية"In recognition of his major contribution to our understanding of the role of protein phosphorylation in cell regulation."
ألان فيرشتالكيمياء"In recognition of his seminal work in protein engineering, which he has developed into a fundamental tool in enzyme analysis and the problem of protein folding."
2009تشينتاماني راوالكيمياء"For his highly innovative and diverse contributions to solid-state and materials chemistry."
رون لاسكيالبيولوجيا الجزيئية"For his pivotal contributions to our understanding of the control of DNA replication and nuclear protein transport, which has led to a novel screening method for cancer diagnosis."
كريس دوبسونالفيزياء الحيوية"For his outstanding contributions to the understanding of the mechanisms of protein folding and mis-folding, and the implications for disease."
2010بيتر نايتبصريات الكم"for his pioneering research and international leadership in the field of quantum optics and quantum information science."
عظيم سورانيعلم الأحياء"لإسهاماته المحورية في فهم التطور الباكر للثدييات"
آلن هلالكيمياء"for his pioneering work on protein electrochemistry, which revolutionised the diagnostic testing of glucose and many other bioelectrochemical assays."
2011ستيفن لايالكيمياء"for his pioneering research in organic chemistry and outstanding contributions to the methodology of synthesis."
روبن هوليدايالبيولوجيا الجزيئية"for his highly influential discoveries of the 'Holliday junction' structure in meiotic recombination and the function of DNA methylation at CG base pairs."
غريغوري وينترالفيزياء الحيوية"for his pioneering work in protein engineering and therapeutic monoclonal antibodies, and his contributions as an inventor and entrepreneur."
2012توم كيبلالفيزياء"for his theories of symmetry-breaking in quantum field theory, with diverse applications to elementary particle masses, vortex formation in Helium 3 and structure formation in the early universe."
كينيث مورايعلم الأحياء"لإسهاماته المحورية في تطور الهندسة الوراثية، وفي التقنية الحيوية، وفي دراسة فيروسات الالتهاب الكبدي"
أندرو هولمزالكيمياء"for his outstanding contributions to chemical synthesis at the interface between materials and biology and pioneering the field of organic electronic materials."
2013رودني باكسترالفيزياء""
والتر بودمرعلم الوراثة"لإسهاماته المحورية في علم الوراثة الجمعي والخرائط الجينية وفهم الأمراض الوراثية العائلية"
بيتر ولزالفيزياء الطبية"لتطبيقه الرائد للعلوم الفيزيائية والهندسية لتطوير علم الموجات فوق الصوتية كأداة تشخيصية وجراحية أحدثت ثورة في الممارسة الإكلينيكية"
2014تيرنس تاوالرياضيات"لإسهاماته العديدة والمتنوعة في الرياضيات، ومنها التحليل التوافقي ونظرية الرقم الأولي والمعادلات التفاضلية الجزئية والتوافقيات.."
توني هنترالكيمياء الحيوية""
هوارد موريسالفيزياء الحيوية""
2015جوسلين بيل بورنيلعلم الفلك"لإسهاماتها المحورية في مراقبة وتحليل وفهم النجوم النابضة والتي تعد واحدة من أهم الإكتشافات الفلكية في القرن العشرين"
إليزابيث بلاكبيرنعلم الأحياء"لدورها في إكتشاف إنزيم تيلوميراز ودور التيلومير في حماية وصيانة المجموع المورثي"
كريستوفر للويلن سميثالفيزياء"لمساهمته في تطوير نظرية النموذج العياري وخصوصاً في يناء النموذج الذي استخدم في مصادم الهدرونات الكبير "
2016جون مويريج توماسالكيمياء"لأعماله في الكيمياء التحفيزية وخصوصاُ في المحفزات غير المتجانسة وحيدة الموقع والتي كان لها تاثير كبير على الكيمياء الخضراء والتقنيات النظيفة والاستدامة "
إليزابيث روبيرتسونعلم الأحياء"لعملها في مجال تطور الفئران وأجنتها مما مهد الطريق لفهم منشأ الصفات المشتركة لأجسام أجنة الثديات"
جون ويليام جودبيعلم المواد"للتطورالكبير الذي أحرزه في اكتشاف أطوار جديدة للمواد وخصوصاُ في تطوير البلورات السائلة عديمة التناظر المرآتي"

المراجع

  1. "The Royal Society - Royal medals". The Royal Society. مؤرشف من الأصل في 09 ديسمبر 2017. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 05 ديسمبر 2008. الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة); تحقق من التاريخ في: |تاريخ أرشيف= (مساعدة)
  2. "Royal Medals". Royal Society. مؤرشف من الأصل في 14 يوليو 2015. اطلع عليه بتاريخ 08 أغسطس 2011. الوسيط |CitationClass= تم تجاهله (مساعدة)
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